New lockdown and the 35-year anniversary of Chornobyl nuclear disaster: decisions by Government and President

11 December 2020
New lockdown and the 35-year anniversary of Chornobyl nuclear disaster: decisions by Government and President
Home > Monitoring > New lockdown and the 35-year anniversary of Chornobyl nuclear disaster: decisions by Government and President

New lockdown announced

Decision-maker: the Cabinet.

Who is affected: Ukrainian citizens, businesses, employers, employees, government bodies, and local government.

What does it change: from January 8 to January 24, the following restrictions will apply:

  • a number of businesses have to be closed:
  • cafes, restaurants, and bars (except for to-go and delivery options)
  • fitness clubs, gymnasiums, and pools
  • theaters and movie theatres
  • shopping and recreation centers (except departments that sell food, drugs, veterinary drugs, sanitary products, and household chemicals)
  • non-food markets
  • educational establishments will not provide their services (except for kindergartens)
  • mass public events will be prohibited.

What is right:

  • new restrictive measures have been discussed with representatives of business, local governments, and epidemiologists
  • the decision to introduce the lockdown has been made a month ahead of its implementation. Ukrainian citizens and businesses will not be taken by surprise and will have enough time to prepare.

What is wrong:

  • the Government has no authority to introduce such restrictions. According to the Constitution, constitutional human rights can be restricted only by a law or by declaring an emergency state
  • the Constitutional Court of Ukraine has already ruled that such restrictions can be introduced only by a law — a legislative act by the Verkhovna Rada that is the sole body of legislative power in Ukraine.

Preparation plan for the anniversary of Chornobyl nuclear disaster approved

Decision-maker: the President.

Who is affected: the Cabinet, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, diplomatic missions, heads of oblast state administrations, and Ukrainian citizens.

What does it change: the following tasks are set:

  • for the Cabinet:
  • to ensure better fire safety and sanitation for the forests in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone and the Zone of Mandatory Resettlement
  • to analyze and update legislation to ensure social security for the citizens affected by the Chornobyl nuclear disaster
  • update the special-purpose environmental program of handling radioactive waste and the program on decommissioning the Chornobyl nuclear power plant
  • approve and oversee the implementation of the action plan for the 35-years anniversary of the disaster and honoring Chornobyl cleanup veterans.
  • for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: ensure that Ukrainian diplomatic missions host events in commemoration of the anniversary
  • for the heads of oblast state administrations and the head of Kyiv city state administration: develop and implement the action plan to commemorate the anniversary and engage the general public.

What is wrong: the President has no authority to set tasks for the Government, in particular, to commemorate anniversaries. The President is not a part of the executive branch and not the head of the government. The Cabinet is the highest body of state executive power and the President cannot give it orders.