New lockdown announced
Decision-maker: the Cabinet.
Who is affected: Ukrainian citizens, businesses, employers, employees, government bodies, and local government.
What does it change: from January 8 to January 24, the following restrictions will apply:
- a number of businesses have to be closed:
- cafes, restaurants, and bars (except for to-go and delivery options)
- fitness clubs, gymnasiums, and pools
- theaters and movie theatres
- shopping and recreation centers (except departments that sell food, drugs, veterinary drugs, sanitary products, and household chemicals)
- non-food markets
- educational establishments will not provide their services (except for kindergartens)
- mass public events will be prohibited.
What is right:
- new restrictive measures have been discussed with representatives of business, local governments, and epidemiologists
- the decision to introduce the lockdown has been made a month ahead of its implementation. Ukrainian citizens and businesses will not be taken by surprise and will have enough time to prepare.
What is wrong:
- the Government has no authority to introduce such restrictions. According to the Constitution, constitutional human rights can be restricted only by a law or by declaring an emergency state
- the Constitutional Court of Ukraine has already ruled that such restrictions can be introduced only by a law — a legislative act by the Verkhovna Rada that is the sole body of legislative power in Ukraine.
Preparation plan for the anniversary of Chornobyl nuclear disaster approved
Decision-maker: the President.
Who is affected: the Cabinet, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, diplomatic missions, heads of oblast state administrations, and Ukrainian citizens.
What does it change: the following tasks are set:
- for the Cabinet:
- to ensure better fire safety and sanitation for the forests in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone and the Zone of Mandatory Resettlement
- to analyze and update legislation to ensure social security for the citizens affected by the Chornobyl nuclear disaster
- update the special-purpose environmental program of handling radioactive waste and the program on decommissioning the Chornobyl nuclear power plant
- approve and oversee the implementation of the action plan for the 35-years anniversary of the disaster and honoring Chornobyl cleanup veterans.
- for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: ensure that Ukrainian diplomatic missions host events in commemoration of the anniversary
- for the heads of oblast state administrations and the head of Kyiv city state administration: develop and implement the action plan to commemorate the anniversary and engage the general public.
What is wrong: the President has no authority to set tasks for the Government, in particular, to commemorate anniversaries. The President is not a part of the executive branch and not the head of the government. The Cabinet is the highest body of state executive power and the President cannot give it orders.
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